As India battles the large spike in coronavirus circumstances throughout Wave 2 and demand for oxygen will increase, hospitals wrestle to satisfy the demand for oxygen ensuing within the deaths of sufferers in a number of circumstances, the Demand for oxygen concentrators can also be experiencing an increase.
What’s an oxygen concentrator?
Oxygen concentrators distribute oxygen in virtually precisely the identical means as oxygen reservoirs, delivering oxygen on to the affected person via the identical nasal cannula or oxygen masks. Nonetheless, when oxygen reservoirs include a hard and fast quantity of pressurized oxygen, concentrators acquire oxygen from the encompassing air, focus it, after which ship it to the affected person, eliminating the necessity for alternative or refilling.
“They work on the precept of ‘speedy absorption by strain variation’, which consists of eradicating nitrogen from the air utilizing zeolitic minerals which soak up nitrogen, permitting different gases to move and letting l oxygen as the first gasoline. As soon as the oxygen is collected, the strain drops, permitting the nitrogen to desorb and be returned to the air via mufflers, ”Sunil Khurana, MD and CEO of BPL Medical Applied sciences instructed IANS. in New Delhi.
“Oxygen concentrators haven’t any fill limits. It takes oxygen from the air itself, permitting an infinite provide of oxygen till electrical energy is on the market. Oxygen concentrator is a safer choice than oxygen cylinders as a result of cylinders can typically leak and oxygen saturation will increase the danger of fireplace, ”Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha, HOD and Senior Advisor instructed IANS. Pulmonology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad.
Oxygen concentrators produce as much as 95% pure oxygen. It additionally has built-in oxygen sensors that may point out if the purity ranges are dropping, Khuranna mentioned.
When do you have to use an oxygen concentrator?
“Within the case of Covid-19 sufferers, who really feel wanting breath when their oxygen saturation drops under 94%, then they need to be placed on oxygen remedy instantly to keep away from damaging different elements of the physique. Oxygen concentrators play an essential function as they ship supplemental oxygen to sufferers via a nasal cannula, ”defined Sunil Khurana.
Oxygen concentrators are extensively used for the supply of oxygen in healthcare functions, particularly when liquid or pressurized oxygen is simply too harmful or impractical, equivalent to in houses or in moveable clinics.
Oxygen concentrators are moveable and straightforward to make use of and subsequently are higher than oxygen cylinders. Though at Rs 40,000-Rs 90,000 they’re dearer than cylinders (Rs 8,000-20,000), they require very minimal upkeep.
The one upkeep value is vitality consumption and disposable filters and screens that must be changed over years of use, Khurana mentioned.
Precautions to be taken when utilizing an oxygen concentrator
Whereas oxygen concentrators can be utilized on the comfort of sufferers underneath the supervision of physicians or healthcare staff, the self-contained cylinder have to be stuffed and requires the utmost care and supervision, as there are dangers of leak and should trigger hearth accidents.
Varieties of oxygen concentrators?
Concentrators are additionally accessible in a number of kinds, providing bigger fashions for dwelling or hospital use in addition to extra compact fashions excellent for touring and commuting and the nice half is you may get concentrators from there. oxygen on Amazon.
There are two sorts of concentrators accessible in the marketplace: steady circulation and pulsed dose. Steady circulation oxygen delivers the identical circulation of oxygen each minute until it’s turned off whether or not the affected person is inhaling it or not, whereas the pulsed dose oxygen concentrator detects the respiration sample and dispenses of oxygen when it detects an inhalation, based on The Singapore Time report.
Importers and Producers in India
Frequent importers and producers in India are Phillips, BPL Medical Applied sciences Ltd, Invacare, AirSep company, SS Applied sciences, Oshocorp International Pvt Ltd, Medtronic, Inogen, Nidek Medical, Chart Industries.
Issues to bear in mind earlier than shopping for an oxygen concentrator
Regular air will include 21% oxygen. The concentrator sucks in atmospheric air, filters nitrogen and different gases, and compresses the remaining oxygen to distribute it via the cannula. In line with The Singapore Time report, “If 1 liter of oxygen is provided to the affected person via the concentrator, the proportion of oxygen (or fraction of impressed air) within the lungs will increase to 24%, with 2 liters it will increase to twenty-eight% and with 10 liters it rises to 60 %. As wanted, the liters of oxygen per minute needs to be regulated. “
It is best to take the recommendation of a physician earlier than giving oxygen to a endurance. It is best to at all times preserve a pulse oximeter with you. “Oxygen concentrators can ship between 0.1 liters per minute (LPM) and 5 to 10 LPM. A concentrator accommodates 92 to 95% pure oxygen, ”the report reads.
Just lately, the federal government allowed the importation of oxygen concentrators for private use, via submit, messaging or e-commerce portals within the reward class. Nonetheless, this exemption for private use is barely licensed for a interval as much as July 31, 2021, based on a notification from the Common Directorate of Overseas Commerce (DGFT).
“The importation of products, together with these bought via e-commerce portals, submit or courier, the place customs clearance is requested as a present, is prohibited aside from medicine / medicine / oxygen concentrators and rakhi (however not rakhi-related presents), “the notification says.